What Is My Hair Texture? Learn About All Different Hair Types And Textures


what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures


The basic hair type of a person is determined by his or her hereditary predisposition. This means that one person might have dry, thick curls, while another may have fine, slightly oily hair. The condition of hair and thus its attractiveness is decidedly dependant upon outside factors and, with the proper care and treatment, can be heavily influenced. With the help of modern hair care products, “problem hair” practically no longer exists. Every problem can be mastered with the proper product. The basis of any product recommendation is an exact analysis of one’s hair type. Hair care and styling should optimally correspond to this particular type. As with skin care, it generally holds true that excess treatment can be just as harmful as not enough.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Normal Hair

The diameter of normal hair is between .06 and .08 millimeters. In other words, it is neither particularly fine nor particularly thick. With normal hair, it is generally easy to create any hairstyle. It shines, is smooth and buoyant. It is also supple and easy to comb- even when wet. It is most important is that the surface of the cuticle is sealed, because only then can hair shine. Frequent washing and various environmental factors place stress on normal hair without it directly becoming damaged. In order to keep hair healthy and prevent signs of wear and tear, it is important to give it the proper care. Next to washing it regularly with an appropriate shampoo, normal hair occasionally needs a conditioning or light treatment to keep it healthy and supple.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Fine Hair

The diameter of fine hair is often only half as large as that of thick hair (.05 to .07 mm, when compared to .08 to 1 mm). Fine hair can be compared to a sapling vs. a thick oak: a storm or other adverse environmental impacts can “chop” it down more easily. It can quickly become knotted or charged with static electricity, is prone to splitting and can be difficult to style. Though one cannot change the diameter of fine hair, its structure can be strengthened with the help of the right cosmetic products. The best substances to apply are those which not only attach to coat the surface of the hair, but also penetrate into its cuticle layer. Hair becomes stronger and has more hold for a particular period of time. Fine hair is also naturally soft and more delicate. Therefore, it is more susceptible to outside influences and requires special protection. Shampoos for fine hair contain structure improving ingredients, such as proteins and volumizers which also protect hair while giving it body and hold. When using a conditioner or treatment, apply only a small amount so that hair avoids unnecessary stress. It should be not be distributed at the roots but through the length of the hair.


what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Oily Hair

This hair type requires particular care, but can easily be managed with the right products. Oily hair can be washed as often as desired. Products for this hair type remove oil, freshen the scalp and help reduce the quick replacement of oil. A good remedy and special care extra for oily hair are the treatments, which can be applied regularly. Styling mousse is also ideal for oily hair; it gives a hairstyle fullness by coating the hair with a fine film.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Dry Hair

Dry hair has a dull and lifeless appearance and is often difficult to style. To counteract this, suitable products are enriched with moisturizing substances and intensive replenishing substances. By smoothing out the hair’s structure, it also enhances combability and prevents tangling. It is particularly important to apply these treatments at regular intervals. Blow drying on high heat should be avoided.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Damaged Hair

Damaged hair is lifeless and easily becomes tangled or matted. Hair cannot develop shine, because to do this it needs a smooth, intact hair surface which can reflect light. With dry hair, the cuticle layer encircling the hair fibers is no longer sealed. Cell remnants are spread apart and partially torn off. Therefore, the hair’s surface appears rough and porous.

This hair type is almost always the result of poor care or stress, such as from excessive sun exposure, or from intensive or over-frequent perming or blonding. In addition, when the scalp is dry, hair does not receive sufficient oil and moisture. Therefore, this type of hair must be regenerated from scratch. Product series for damaged hair contain specific substances to improve the hair structure and intensive replenishing nutrients, which, through regular use, give hair a new elasticity. Damaged hair is usually “negatively charged.” Hair care formulas respond to this by containing “positively charged” substances that can better attach themselves to the hair. The combined use of a shampoo and conditioner, as well as the frequent application of a treatment, is a must- at least once every two weeks. In addition, hair should be air dried, if possible, to avoid any further stress.

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what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Color Treated/ Permed Haír

A color or permanent effects the keratin structure of hair. Color pigments anchor themselves in the surface layer of hair, and the permanent solution (i.e., waving lotion) penetrates the deep into the hair and changes its structure. To prevent color damage and to preserve the body, hair must be treated with a special shampoo, conditioner, and treatment which contain protective proteins and selected moisturizing ingredients. They restructure the hair and help keep the outer cuticle layer of the hair sealed. The color treatment or permanent lasts longer, and colored hair keeps its brilliance.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Longer/ Brittle Hair

If hair grows 1 cm per month, 30 cm long hair is about 2.5 years old at the ends. During this time, it has been exposed to many physical and chemical influences. Harmful effects, such as friction from brushing, the intensive use of curlers or curling irons and blow drying on high heat can cause damage to the cuticle layer and its binding material. First, edges of the outer cell remnants spread apart from the hair shaft and can partially break off. Without the right care, hair appears dull and coarse, and split ends begin to develop; that is, hair begins to fray at the ends. Ingredients in shampoos, conditioners, and treatments for this hair type work against this, replenishing lost substances so that hair can keep its positive attributes, namely shine, bounce and elasticity. In addition, a leave-in treatment should regularly be applied to split ends (e.g., overnight).

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what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Thinning/ Limp Hair

Some people have naturally less hair. The number of hair follicles and therefore hairs is genetically determined; hair follicles are present at birth. Having fewer hairs automatically causes hair to appear thinner and more lifeless. Hair loss can also be responsible for thinning of the hair. This is often an inherited trait. The most common form is the hormonally determined androgenetic alopecia. Although androgens are masculine hormones, this type of hair loss can also occur in women. For them, it is usually only a temporary occurrence, which can be triggered by hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy. Menopause may also cause hair loss in women. A dermatologist should definitely be consulted regarding hair loss over extended periods of time or massive hair loss. Thin and limp hair needs revitalizing, fortifying shampoos.

what is my hair texture? all different hair types and textures

Difficult Hair

Hair changes, like skin, throughout the course of one’s life. Difficult hair refers to hair that becomes difficult to style and maintain. It becomes increasingly thin, weak, and lifeless. Often it is dull, dry and more susceptible to environmental influences. Difficult hair requires, therefore, enriching products that respond to these specific problems by providing revitalizing and long-lasting care. These ingredients penetrate deep into hair and ensure that it has visibly more strength, shine, and vitality. Moreover, hair obtains once again more volume and elasticity.

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