What Is Glaucoma, Safety Of Your Eyes And The Risk Of Glaucoma
What is Glaucoma ?
One of the greatest fears facing man, is to discover that he can no longer see.
This fear becomes more real when we get glaucoma.
Glaucoma is an eye diseases, which can lead to total blindness.
Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve.
The common disorder that causes this disease is the obstruction of fluid channels inside the eyeball, which are located in the corner of the eye.
This imbalance leads to high pressure inside the eye,
resulting in damage to the optic nerve.
This pressure increases due to a defect in the discharge of fluid from the eye outside of body.
Decreased fluid intake from the eye causes increased pressure.
This pressure causes the optic nerve to be damaged by damage to the nerve fibers,
which transmit information from the eye to the brain.
A patient with glaucoma loses large portions of his vision without before he even recognize it.
At first, the area of peripheral vision becomes infected and the central field of vision is also affected, to the extent of total blindness.
Glaucoma is not usually accompanied by prominent symptoms,
and therefore only early diagnosis is what can prevent its development and worsen it to the point of blindness.
This diagnosis, in addition to pharmacotherapy, can slow down, or even stop, the progression of the disease,
thereby reducing risks of loosing vision.
However, it should be noted that the damage caused by the disease is irreparable.
This is because nerve cells are lost,
as damage occurs in their own fibers.
These Type of cells can not multiply or divide.
What are the types of glaucoma?
There are several types of glaucoma,
However an disease is a chronic disease that develops and worsens slowly,
so the patient can not detect and distinguish it, and therefore is not treated.
1-Open- Angle Glaucoma
When the examination is performed, the angle appears to be open,
making it more difficult to diagnose the disease.
This type of glaucoma includes two subspecies:
- wide angle glaucoma with excessive pressure in the eye,
- and wide-angle glaucoma with normal pressure in the eye.
2-Another type of Glaucoma is Narrow-Angle Glaucoma.
This type is caused by imbalances between the production of liquid and its discharge.
It is accompanied with a feeling of pain, nausea, a sharp decrease in vision and sensitivity to light.
This type of glaucoma should be treated quickly, otherwise access to blindness occurs quickly.
In addition to these types, there are other types of glaucoma,
including congenital glaucoma and glaucoma, caused by the side effects of some medications or some diseases such as diabetes.