Measles Meaning, 7 Symptoms, Treatment and Mortality Rate
Measles Meaning and Measles Transmission
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, most often affecting children.
It is transmitted through droplets from the mouth, nose or throat of infected people.
Incubation Period of infected people extends from 4 days before the onset of symptoms and last another days after the symptoms showing up.
What Are The 7 Measles Symptoms And Signs ?
- The first sign of the disease, usually, is severe fever that begins on the day 10 to 12 days after exposure to the virus, and lasts for 4-7 days.
- Runny nose
- redness with tears in the eyes
- small white spots appear on the inner side of the cheeks in the initial stage of the disease.
- After several days, the patient will have the common measles rash that usually appears in the face and neck.
- Over a period of about three days, the rash will eventually spread to the hands and feet.
- The rash lasts for 5-6 days, then disappears afterwards,
and the rash occurs 14 days after exposure to the virus (ie within 7 to 18 days).
The symptoms of the disease are most likely to be the worst:
- among young children who are malnourished, particularly with vitamin A deficiency,
- or who have a weakened immune system resulting from HIV / AIDS or other diseases.
Who the risk groups?
- People who have not received the measles vaccine are more likely to have the disease.
While People who has recovered from measles have immunity against the disease for the rest of their lives.
How To Treat Measles?
There is no specific treatment for measles and most patients are cured within 2-3 weeks.
However, the disease may develop, and measles can cause serious complications especially in malnourished and weakened children.
blindness, encephalitis, acute diarrhea, ear infections and pneumonia.
Measles can be prevented through routine immunization against measles.
The measles vaccine has been used for more than 40 years and has been proven to be a safe and effective vaccine.
It is often included with the mumps vaccine in countries where these diseases are recorded.
Measles vaccine is equally effective either alone or when added with Other vaccines.
It is also recommended to give two doses of vaccine to ensure immunity,
as about 15% of children vaccinated do not have immunity against the disease from the first dose.
When should I See the Doctor?
Check with your doctor if you think you or your child have been involved with a measles patient,
or if you have symptoms that make you suspect measles, and you need to check your immunization record.
Measles Mortality Rate