Cold and Flu, Differences and When To Start To Worry?
What differentiate between cold and flu is the severity of flu symptoms that is way heavier longer in period than the common cold ones
So don’t always be too sure that what you are suffering from is just a passing cold that will go without medication!
The Difference Between Cold And Flu
Flu and cold are respiratory diseases, caused by different viruses.
The flu is caused by the influenza virus,
and colds are caused by other infection factors.
Since the symptoms of these two diseases are similar,
the diagnosis of either of them, based on symptoms of the disease, may be difficult as well.
In general, the flu is more dangerous than colds, and characterized:
- much higher temperatures
- Feeling very tired and worn out
- Muscle aches
- Dry Strong coughing
While Common cold is milder disease, often characterized by :
- runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Mild or slightly high temperature
- Mild coughs sometimes
Cold And Flu Complications
- Common Cold often do not cause serious health problems such as bacterial infections, pneumonia, and won’t require hospitalization.
- For influenza, giving antiviral therapy in the first 48 hours shortens the duration of the disease by one day, according to a number of studies, it also prevents other serious complications such as bacterial infections or pneumonia, that will require hospitalization for most cases.
Symptoms to distinguish Influenza:
Most people who get common colds do not wake up swimming in their own sweat as a result of fever.
However If you have flu, you are likely to have a fever, and your temperature will often be around 38 degrees Celsius or more.
The temperature is higher in children and they also might have mild fevers when they get colds too.
When someone gets the flu, he or she is overwhelmed by fatigue and exhaustion.
This may last for 3 weeks and more when it comes to the elderly, patients with chronic diseases or patients with weak immune system.
One of the differences between common cold and flu is the extent to which they feel fatigue and its duration.
a common presentation but worth noting:
Since colds and flu are both respiratory diseases and affect the respiratory tract, both can cause coughing.
These Symptoms Tend To Appear More Suddenly And Sharply Than In Common Cold
The condition of flu patients improves within 2 to 5 days,
but the patient may feel weak and tired for a week or less.
While Symptoms of colds appear gradually, and disappear after a week.
pneumonia may be a complication of influenza.
You Should pay attention to coughing and seeking medical advice ASAP if:
- your cough didn’t get better over time
- whether the cough is persistent,
- Accompanied with mucus,
- or if your temperature rises to above 38.8
- Along with having chills, difficulty or shortness of breath.
To find out if you have flu or colds, check out a sore throat.
So you can tell if the infection factor is Influenza,
the flu virus, or not. If the test result is positive and if symptoms develop in the last 48 hours, your doctor may give you antiretroviral therapy to speed up your recovery.
Swine Flu (H1N1) Symptoms
Swine flu has dominated headlines in the past few years,
but the epidemic has officially disappeared in 2010.
The regular flu vaccine covers this type of flu as well as seasonal flu.
The symptoms of swine flu are similar to regular seasonal flu symptoms.
However, there is one major difference;
Most swine flu patients have had certain digestive symptoms,
such as diarrhea and vomiting.
Common Cold Treatment
Over-the-counter medications may help relieve symptoms:
- Drugs that contain anti-depressants, anti-congestion and antihistamine, may help relieve symptoms.
- Paracetamol or other drugs of this type can relieve headaches.
You should consult your pharmacist and read the enclosed warnings and information leaflet about the active ingredients in the medicine
Before you use it,
Even if it’s an over-the-counter medicine.
- Both flu and cold can be prevented by:
following proper hygiene habits, such as regular hand washing, especially after sneezing, coughing or cleaning the nose.
- The best way to prevent influenza is to receive the flu vaccine.