Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition + Asthma Control Plan

Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition + Asthma Control Plan

Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

What Is Asthma?

Asthma Exacerbation usually happens after exposure to inhaling substances.

Allergies or irritation of the respiratory system,

And these seizures vary in intensity and frequency from one person to another.

And before heading to Asthma Medications or Asthma Home Remedies,

Let’s first get to know a little about this agonizing disease..

 

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways of the lungs,

Resulting in inflammation and narrowing of the respiratory passages.

Thus preventing the smooth regular airflow to the airways,

leading to repeated episodes of shortness of breath with wheezing sounds accompanied by coughing and sputum

 

Causes Of Asthma Exacerbation or Attacks

Some studies have shown that the cause is due to either genetic factors

or environmental factors such as environmental pollution, air pollution, factory smoke and car exhaust.

13 Causes of Asthma Exacerbation

  1. Pollen As well as dust from trees, grass or roses and flowers of various kinds and forms.

  1. Birds’ feathers.

  2. Mice and cockroaches.

  3. Domestic pets, where their own waste, urine, saliva, and fur cause sensitivity that may result in Asthma exacerbation.

  4. Sleep on pillows or mattresses stuffed with bird feathers.

  5. Exposure to smoke in its various forms,

Either if you are a first hand or a second-hand smoker.

  1. Smelling strong odors, such as perfumes, pesticides, paints, tools used for cleaning and other odors.

  2. Nasal allergy.

  3. Sudden weather changes from warm to cold and vice versa.

  4. Mental and emotional stress

  5. Physical stress.

  6. Exposure to fungus living in wet places, such as air conditioner
    filters, filters, refrigerators, kitchens, wet bathrooms, waste
    bins, and old books and newspapers.

  7. Moth, which are tiny insects that you can not see with the naked eye,

where these insects live in cotton and woolen such as bedsheets and mats, woolen clothes, mattresses and stuffed animals.

Symptoms of Asthma Exacerbation

 

Asthma symptoms range from mild to severe and vary from one person to another.

Mild Asthma Exacerbation

  1. Shortness of breath.

  2. Contractions or chest pains.

  3. Sleep disorder due to shortness of breath.

  4. Wheezing Sound when breathing.

  5. A frequent cough with nasal congestion and sneezing, especially when
    a viral infection is present as in having the flu or even a common
    cold.

Acute Asthma Exacerbation

  1. Elevated severity and frequency of the previous milder symptoms.

  2. Extreme difficulty breathing.

  3. An increasing need to use bronchodilators\inhalers.

Factors Inducing Asthma

There are factors that are believed to increase the chance of having an asthma attack,

These factors include:

  1. The medical history of asthma in the family.

  2. Obesity and overweight.

  3. Smoking or exposure to passive smoking or second-hand smoking during pregnancy.

  4. Exposure to irritants such as chemicals used in cleaning, farming or hairdressing products.

  5. Pollution of the surrounding environment and air pollution by the smoke of factories and exhaust of cars.

 Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

Asthma Diagnosis

Doctor depends on the diagnosis of asthma mainly on the history of the disease,

including symptoms and frequency and causes, and then comes the clinical examination

Measurement Of Lung Function:

1- Spirometer:
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

This test measures the extent of bronchial constriction,

in which the amount of air that can be exhaled is measured after a deep inhalation and the speed at which this exhalation occurs.

READ  How To Get Rid Of The Common Cold Fast

 

 

 

2- Peak Flow:
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

A simple device that can detect minor changes that may occur even before regular asthma symptoms.

If the result is less than normal,

it is a sign that an asthma exacerbation is predictable any time soon.

 

 

Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
3- Tests For Lung Function:

Are performed before and after the use of medicines extending bronchial tubes.

If the performance of the lungs of the person undergoing the examination is improved as a result of the use of the bronchodilator, he\she is more likely to have asthma.

 

 

4- Methacholine\Bronchial challenge Test:
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

Methacholine is an asthma-causing substance that causes tightness in the airways.

If the result is positive, it confirms asthma.

Such tests are performed if lung function tests show normal results

 

 

 

5- Nitric Oxide Test:
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

A test that measures the amount of nitric oxide gas in breathing.

In the case of bronchitis, the level of nitric oxide is higher than normal in asthma patients.

This examination is not very common.

 

 

6- X-rays:
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

 

X-rays and CT scans are used in the diagnosis of asthma.

This is done by imaging the lungs and nasal cavity.

 

 

 

7- Allergy Test:Is Asthma A Chronic M
edical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition
Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

 

A blood or skin allergen test can identify allergens,

for example, from pets, dust, mold, or pollen.

 

 

 

Is Asthma A Chronic Medical Condition

the answer depends on the type of asthma, Asthma Is Divided Into 4 General Categories:

Asthma Type

Asthma Symptoms

1- Mild intermittent

  • mild symptoms up to two days a week and two nights a month

 

2- Continuous light

  • symptoms more than twice a week and at least once a day

3- Moderate symptoms

  • persist once a day and more than one night a week

 

4- Severe symptoms

  • persist throughout the day and often at night

Asthma Action Plan

 

Asthma action plan and treatments basically aim to

  1. Reach to the stage of disease stabilization.

  2. Reduce the number of acute asthma exacerbation and using as few bronchodilators as possible.

  3. Enabling the patient to practice his normal life without any obstacles.

Asthma Medications

1st Long-Term Asthma Medications

Asthma Medications

Description

1- Inhaled Corticosteroids

  • The most effective long-term option to reduce inflammation and swelling in the airways.

  • These medicines need several days\weeks to get the most benefit out of them.

2- Long-acting beta-2 stimulants

  • Helps to open up the airways by relaxing the surrounding smooth muscle.

3- Lokotron

  • It is taken orally in the form of pills or syrup

  • They reduce the swelling airways,

  • helps to relax the smooth muscles.

4- Theophylline

  • Daily pills are working to expand the bronchi,

  • And the survival of air passages open by
    relaxing the surrounding muscles,

  • Their use has been much less than in the past.

Note That:

  • If the patient is suffering from acute and serious asthma, oral corticosteroids can be used either in pill form or liquid form along with the inhaled form for a short period of time to control asthma faster.

  • Although inhaled corticosteroid is considered to be safe and less dangerous on the long run than its oral counterpart,

  • However, it may cause some side effects;

  • Most notably oral candidiasis, An oral infection that causes white bumps on the tongue

  • The problem can be minimized by using a spacer⇓

 

 

And also through the rinsing your mouth after each use of this type of medication

2nd Instant Relief For Asthma Exacerbation

This group of Asthma medications are to expand the bronchial muscles relax the inside of the bronchus,

Thus alleviating the symptoms of dyspnea, coughing, wheezing sound in the chest, suffered by the patient during the acute Asthma Exacerbation.

The doctor may also advise some patients to use such drugs before performing heavy activities that require high effort.

 

Asthma Medications

Description

1- (Beta 2) short-acting stimulants

  • Rapid-acting bronchodilators

  • That acts within minutes to rapidly relieve the asthma exacerbation symptoms

  • These drugs are the first option for the rapid elimination of symptoms of asthma


2- Ipratropium

  • works rapidly on the expansion of the bronchial tube

3- Oral or venous Cortisone

  • Reduce inflammation and swelling in the airways

 

It should be noted that:

  • rapid rescue drugs should not be used in lieu of long-term control asthma medications.

  • Rescue drugs do not reduce inflammation.

  • If the use of this type of medication is noticed more than twice a week,

consult your doctor to make appropriate changes to your asthma action plan.

 

 

3rd Allergy Medications

These drugs work to reduce the sensitivity of the body towards the factors leading to an asthma attack and is divided into:

 

  • Immunotherapy:

To inject the body with certain amounts of allergen gradually, allowing the body to get used to it.

 

  • Omalizumab:

A n injection given every two to four weeks to people with severe asthma,

which changes the immune system.

 

  • Antihypertensives:

Antihistamines, antihypertensives, taken orally or nasally.

4th Bronchial thermoplasty

  • Is a technique that involves the insertion of a tube through the
    nose or mouth to the lungs.

  • The catheter then transmits heat impulses to the smooth muscles
    surrounding the trachea.

  • This helps to stretch the muscles, makes breathing easier, and
    reduces asthma attacks.

Asthma Control PlanTips And How To Prevent Asthma Exacerbation

 

  1. Avoid exposure to smoking or strong odors.

  2. Disposal of birds and various domestic animals or isolate them in one of the rooms and make a family member responsible for them,

with the need to wash his\her hands immediately after contacting with the pet.

  1. Sleep in a room with adequate and proper temperature so as to avoid exposure to cold air.

  2. Avoid pillows and mattresses stuffed with bird feathers.

  3. Wash bed sheets weekly.

  4. Cleaning the rugs and mattresses on a daily basis.

  5. Wash family blankets and comforters every week if possible.

  6. Cleaning the outstanding image frames daily.

  7. Use a killer insecticide to kill the insect in the bed.

  8. Keep away natural roses or flowers away from bedrooms.

  9. Get rid of the dust and moths in children’s stuffed animals and toys by putting them in the freezer for at least 24 hours.

  10. Take a seasonal flu vaccine to reduce the risk of flu thus reducing any potential asthma exacerbation.

 

4 Natural Remedies For Asthma Control Plan

 

1- Clove

Clove is a herb used by people in many ancient civilizations for the treatment of many infectious diseases and health problems.

It is also used in the manufacture of anesthetic.

As for how it is used to treat asthma,

  • it is by placing a tablespoon of cloves in half A cup of warm water,

  • and leave it overnight

  • in the early morning strain the mix and then drink it on an empty
    stomach

  • apply the recipe for fifteen consecutive days.

2- Black Pepper

Black pepper has the ability to eliminate free radicals, reduce their growth, and has a significant role in improving the state of digestion

in addition to containing a high percentage of effective antioxidants.

And to benefit from black pepper in the treatment of asthma exacerbation by:

  • mixing a teaspoon of black pepper+with a teaspoon of ground ginger + a small spoon of natural honey

  • drink the mixture in the early morning on empty stomach.

 

 

3- Fenugreek Seeds

Fenugreek contains a good proportion of proteins, carbohydrates, and nutrients.

It also has a tremendous ability to expel phlegm and eases up coughing.

For proper use:

  • soak a tablespoon of the Fenugreek seeds in half a cup of boiling water and cover the cup

  • Sweet with honey

  • Leave it to cool off

  • Eat the now tender fenugreek seeds

  • and drink the Fenugreek tea left in the cup

  • Use it twice a day.

 

4- Frankincense (Olibanum)

Frankincense for asthma exacerbation one of the most effective treatments

it eliminates the cough, and throat infections,

and is very useful in getting rid of phlegm accumulated in the throat

Frankincense contains a high proportion of natural cortisone,

which is an antidote to all types of infections

What distinguishes Frankincense from industrial cortisone is that it does not have the unwanted side effects found in manufactured cortisone.

In order to treat asthma exacerbation using Frankincense:

  • Put a teaspoonful of Frankincense in a cup of pre-boiled warm water

  • stir well until dissolved

  • You can also add some honey so as you can change its bitter taste a little.

  • then given to an asthmatic person three times a day.

Note That:

No side effects were associated with the use of Frankincense for treating Asthma exacerbation

However, a pregnant woman should refrain from taking it during pregnancy,
because the effects of Frankincense on the fetus are still fairly unknown.

When to Seek Medical Attention For An Asthma Control Plan

If You Have Any Of These 7 Symptoms Go To The ER IMMEDIATELY

  1. Severe or persistent symptoms such as wheezing with shortness of breath

  2. No response to bronchodilators.

  3. Worsening of symptoms and inability to breathe or speak.

  4. Chest constriction, ascites, feeling tired, stabbing chest pain, increasing breathing rate, and heartbeat.

  5. The color of the limbs changes to blue.

  6. Deterioration of the general condition of the asthmatic person.

  7. And loss of consciousness in later cases.

 

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